Here, practical akhlāq and theoretical akhlāq should be distinguished from one another. What is meant by the former is the seminarians’ efforts to purify themselves while the latter deals with the steps taken in Shi‘a seminaries to study akhlāq as an independent field of study. Each will be discussed separately.
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Lesson Five: Recent Developments4 Topics
Lesson One: The Definition of Akhlaq5 Topics
Lesson Two: The Science of Akhlaq7 Topics
Lesson Six: Islamic Theory of Ethics7 Topics
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