1. From an Islamic point of view, we should pay attention to both voluntary actions and to qualities which are not fixed.
  2. From an Islamic perspective, actions on their own are not valuable and it is only when accompanied by good intentions that they become valuable.
  3. In Islam both husn-e-fi’lī (goodness of the action) and husn-e-fa‘ilī (goodness of the agent) are necessary.
  4. If the agent is to receive credit for their actions, they must be in a conscious state and have good intentions.
  5. A righteous deed is the one which is good in itself as an action and is also performed with a good intention by the agent.
  6. Human beings have self-love and a desire for doing what serves their own interests. Although some scholars believe that this is not only the dominant but indeed the sole desire in human beings, it seems much closer to the truth that at the same time we human beings have genuine desire for doing what also serves the interests of other people.
  7. When we want to serve God, we are asked to serve Him by serving His creation such as other human beings, animals, plants, and indeed any other creation in this world since God Himself is free from any need.
  8. Muslim scholars have used different models to classify their discussions on ethics, some of which were mentioned in the text. One such classification is to divide ethics into four parts: teachings concerning our relationship with God, our relationship with ourselves, our relationships with other people, and our relationship with the rest of the world (i.e. with the environment, animals, plants, water, air, and so on.) It is according to the above classification that we will continue our discussion.