- Morality occupies a very central, if not the central, position in the Qur’an, in hadiths, and in the sunnah of the Prophet (s) and the Ahl al-Bayt (a). As a result, morality became very important for all Muslims, from the first generation onto succeeding generations.
2. A study of the history of the science of akhlāq in Islam must begin with the Qur’an and the Prophet (s).
- The Qur’an does not want people to act like robots or machines. It wants people to be moral thinkers and people who do things with understanding. Unlike some other religious traditions, Islam encourages us to ask questions and think about matters related to religion.
- Among the companions of the Prophet (s), Imam Ali (a) was the one who left a very rich heritage of morality and spirituality.
5. In Nahj al-Balāghah one finds such important questions and teachings on morality that any serious reader would be very much encouraged to undertake a study of ethics.
- In the school of the Ahl al-Bayt (a), generation by generation, the hadiths of the Prophet (s) were narrated, recorded in writing, and passed on to the next generation.
- The hadiths of the Prophet (s) and the Ahl al-Bayt (a) which are reported to us are full of moral inspirations.
- Today we are able to verify all of the people who are mentioned in the chain of narrators. This demonstrates the great attention paid by scholars to the preservation of the hadiths along with the chain of narrators so that people can themselves evaluate whether a particular chain is reliable or not.
9. Since Muslims have always attached great importance to the subject of morality, many collections of hadiths, and many books and essays on morality and spirituality, have been produced in the Islamic world. Some of the most important examples have been listed.