Muslim theologians have mentioned four dimensions for Monotheism.

  • Monotheism of Essence: This means that God in His very Essence is unique and peerless. There is none like unto Him and He has no partner.
  • Monotheism of Attributes: This means the attributes of God such as knowledge, might, life, etc are not distinct from His essence. 
  • Monotheism of Worshipping: This means none other than Allah is worthy of worship. \
  • Monotheism of Acts: This means all that happens in the universe – including man’s actions – is eventually the act of God and is in accordance to His will. We will touch on this further when we discuss the Justice of God.