In the previous lesson we said that morality is very highly regarded in Islam and that Prophet Muhammad (s) described his mission as a mission for the accomplishment of noble traits of character:

إِنَّمَا بُعِثْتُ ألُتَمِّمَ مَکَارِمَ األَخْالق
Verily, I have been sent by God only to complete the noble traits of character.1

We also said that when God introduces His chosen prophets (a), He mentions their moral character more than anything else. Therefore, morality is something which is extremely important in Islam and is something which occupies a very central, if not the most central, position in the Qur’an and in the sunnah of the Prophet (s) and Ahl al-Bayt (a).

Thus, it is hardly surprising that right from the beginning Muslims have paid attention to the study of akhlāq. Many
essays and books have been written about akhlāq and a lot of research has been carried out on this topic. Of course, no matter how much we do, it will not be sufficient; however, it should be acknowledged that a great deal of good work has been done.

1 Makārim al-Akhlāq, p. 8