The process of using one’s ‘Aql (reason) and learned Islamic knowledge to answer questions on Islamic law or conduct.
In Shi’An abbreviation for ‘After Hijrah.’ Used in English to denote the current era of the Islamic lunar calendar. This era began with the Prophet’s and early Muslims' migration from Mecca to Medina (the event was... More Islam, the practice of ijtihād is reserved for jurists who have achieved the status of Mujtahid. Those who are not Mujtahid practice the opposite of ijtihād, taqlid, i.e. following the guidance of a Mujtahid and their rulings.
A Mujtahid uses several tools in the process of ijtihād: the Qurʾān, Sunnah, hadith of the Prophet An abbreviation for the Arabic ‘Ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa Āle hi wa-sallam’, which translates to: ‘Peace and blessings be upon him and his family - it is written after the name of Prophet Muḥammad (ṣ)... More and the Translates to ‘People of the Household.’ In Islam, this phrase refers to the household of Prophet Muḥammad (ṣ). Most commonly, its meaning is confined to the Maʿsūmin (infallibles) - including Prophet Muḥhammad's daughter Fāṭimah azl-Zahra,... More, Ijma (scholarly consensus), and their ‘Aql (reason).