Aḥkām is the plural of ḥukm, which means ‘arbitration,’ or ‘Allah’s authority/will.’

In the content of Islamic definitions, it refers to the verdicts or rulings which a believer is expected to follow in Islamic Jurisprudence – such as in the areas of praying, fasting, ḥajj, etc. Most of the aḥkām of Islam are NOT contained in the Quran; they are developed through the rigorous process of Ijtihād by senior scholars by using the Quran, ahādith, and the other tools of extraction of the laws of Islam.