An abbreviation for the Arabic ‘Alayhi salām’ or ‘Alayhā salām’, which translates to: ‘Peace and blessings be upon him/her.’ Follows the name of a maʿsūm (infallible, according to Shi’An abbreviation for ‘After Hijrah.’ Used in English to denote the current era of the Islamic lunar calendar. This era began with the Prophet’s and early Muslims' migration from Mecca to Medina (the event was... More belief) – including all of the past Prophets and Messengers, and is written as a sign of respect. The twelfth Direct translation: Leader. In Sunni Islam, Imāms are the leaders of the Muslim community who lead prayers, provide guidance and help run communities. In the Shi’ah faith, the Imāms are the infallible, divinely appointed leaders... More is an exception to this, as there is another abbreviation used for him, An abbreviation for the Arabic ‘Ajjallāhu ta’ālā farajahu Shareef’, which translates to ‘May Allah, the Exalted, hasten his noble reappearance.’ Follows the name of the 12th Imām, al-Mahdī (ʿaj), and is written as a sign... More.