Ahl al-Kitāb

Translation, ‘People of the Book.’ This phrase refers to all believers and followers of the past Divine scriptures, most commonly referred to as the Abrahamic religions of Judaism and Christianity – and as an extension, some interpretations also add the Sabians...

Amīr al-Muʾminīn

A title which means  ‘Commander of the Faithful.’ Although it has been used throughout Islamic history by caliphs to signify their claim to authority and continues to be used today in much of the Arab world to denote their kings and political leaders of their state,...

Anṣār

Literally ‘The Helpers’. A title given to the local tribes of Medina (formerly called Yathrib) who lived there before the migration of Prophet Muḥammad (ṣ)An abbreviation for the Arabic ‘Ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa Āle hi wa-sallam’, which translates to: ‘Peace and...

Aṣḥāb al-Kahf

‘People of the Cave’. A title given to a group of unnamed youths who, in a miracle of God, slept for approximately 300 years in a cave before awakening. Their story is told in the 18th sūrah (chapter) of the Qurʾān called Al-Kahf, ‘The Cave’. 

Āyatullāh

Literally, ‘Sign of God’. This is a title of respect given to highly accomplished  Muslim scholars in the Shi’ahAn abbreviation for ‘After Hijrah.’ Used in English to denote the current era of the Islamic lunar calendar. This era began with the Prophet’s and early...