(ṣ)

An abbreviation for the Arabic ‘Ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa Āle hi wa-sallam’, which translates to: ‘Peace and blessings be upon him and his family – it is written after the name of Prophet Muḥammad (ṣ) as a sign of respect.

(swt)

An abbreviation for the Arabic ‘subḥānahu wa ta’ālā’, which translates to: ‘Glorified and Exalted is He’. This statement follows the name of AllahThe proper name of God in Islam and in Arabic, referring to all of His perfect attributes at once. This name is a proper...

(ʿa)

An abbreviation for the Arabic ‘Alayhi salām’ or ‘Alayhā salām’, which translates to: ‘Peace and blessings be upon him/her.’ Follows the name of a maʿsūm (infallible, according to Shi’ahAn abbreviation for ‘After Hijrah.’ Used in English to denote the current era of...

(ʿaj)

An abbreviation for the Arabic ‘Ajjallāhu ta’ālā farajahu Shareef’, which translates to ‘May AllahThe proper name of God in Islam and in Arabic, referring to all of His perfect attributes at once. This name is a proper noun, and no other entity or being is allowed to...

Ahl al-Kisāʾ

Literally means: ‘People of the Cloak.’ This title refers to the five infallibles who are honored in the famous ‘Ḥadith al-Kisa’ or ‘Narration of the Cloak.’ They are Prophet Muḥammad (ṣ), Fāṭimah binte Muḥammad (ʿa)An abbreviation for the Arabic ‘Alayhi salām’ or...